Hormones are body secretions that take an active role in the working mechanism of the body. Important tasks, such as managing the functioning of systems and ensuring that they function correctly, require immediate treatment when there is a deficiency or excess of hormones.
In particular, the lack of secretions that directly govern the female reproductive system, such as estrogen and progesterone hormones, can cause many problems, from ovulation irregularity to the formation of risky situations in pregnancy. These problems often lead to the need for hormone supplements in women. However, the side effects of progesterone, which is at the beginning of these supplements, can cause problems for those who use it from time to time.
So what is a progestan and for what purpose is it used? What side effects can its use cause?
What is Progestan?
Synthetic progesterone hormone supplements, which are sold in the form of pills, ampoules, injections or vaginal suppositories, are generally called progestan.
- By mouth (as pills, tablets)
- By injection (by injection)
- It can be used by the vaginal route (as a suppository from the vagina).
Progestans are supplements that are used in the absence of progesterone hormone or in special cases where it is necessary to take it, and it is one of the most important secretions of female reproductive health. Considering the tasks given below, the importance of progestants can be better understood.
- It takes an active part in the menstrual cycle. It is secreted at the time of ovulation and prepares the body for pregnancy.
- It is secreted during pregnancy, making it easier for the baby to hold onto the uterus.
- It ensures the healthy growth and development of the uterus during pregnancy.
- It reduces the risk of miscarriage in pregnancy by preventing uterine contractions.
- It is secreted in the last trimester of pregnancy and prevents premature birth.
In Which Situations Is Progestan Use Applied?
Progestan supplements are not drugs that people will start using by deciding on their own. It must be taken under the supervision of a doctor and left with the approval of the doctor. Although they have a synthetic structure, they act like hormones in the body or trigger hormone production. For this reason, they can cause serious side effects in the body.
Situations where progestan use is needed;
- low progesterone
- Infertility treatments
Who is the progestan drug given to?
- Those who are undergoing infertility or in vitro fertilization treatment,
- Those who want to have a baby but have low progesterone hormone levels,
- Those who have menstrual irregularity and ovulation problems,
- Pregnant women at risk of premature birth,
- Pregnant women who have had one or more miscarriages before,
- Pregnant women at low risk
- Women in menopause to reduce symptoms,
- It is given to women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
In addition, the use of progesterone can be risky in people with some special conditions.
- People with liver disease,
- Those taking medication for depression
- women with breast cancer,
- People who have had breast cancer in the past
- Those who have experienced serious health problems such as heart attack and stroke,
- Women who experience abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Women who have blood clotting problems,
- pregnant or lactating women,
Those in any of the above categories should not use progestants without a doctor’s approval.
Although it is not right for those who do not have these conditions to take supplements, people with these conditions should also be under the control of a doctor.
What Side Effects Can Occur in Those Who Use Progestan?
Women mostly need progesterone drugs during pregnancy. The health and special conditions of the baby in the womb increase the need for these supplements. However, as with any drug, progestants can cause some side effects in the body. Sensitization to some of the ingredients is possible.
Progestan side effects during pregnancy can negatively affect the daily life of pregnant women and cause them to worry. In addition, excessive sensitivity of the body during pregnancy increases the possibility of side effects.
Mild side effects of progesterone include;
- dry mouth
- mood swings, such as irritability
- nausea or pain
- Pain in muscles and joints
- runny nose
- urinary tract infections
- Vaginal discharge
- vaginal fungus
- vaginal dryness
- breast tenderness
These symptoms are mild and transient. When it reaches disturbing dimensions, you should inform your doctor.
The more serious side effects of progesterone are:
- Shortness of breath or slowed breathing
- Increased heart rate, palpitations
- Sudden vision problems such as blurred vision, double vision, vision loss
- severe headache, migraine
- Difficulty speaking, slow and difficult speech
- epileptic attack, seizure
- difficulty swallowing
- feeling faint
- Numbness and weakness in the arms and legs
- Swelling of hands, arms, legs, feet, face, eyes, tongue and lips
- Pain or swelling in the legs
- severe chest pain
- Stomach ache
- bleeding from the mouth
- Formation of a lump in the chest
- Uncontrollable tremors in the hands
- loss of balance
- sudden vaginal bleeding
- lack of coordination
- Skin rash and itching
These findings are symptoms that are considered serious and require urgent intervention. The probability of their occurrence is quite rare, but when one of these symptoms is encountered, it is absolutely necessary to apply to the nearest health unit.
How to Follow When Side Effects Occur?
Progestan users are curious about how to use drugs in cases where the use of drugs is necessary but the side effects are disturbing.
In rare serious findings, it may be necessary to discontinue the drug with the approval of the doctor by medical intervention. However, in case of milder symptoms, it is not correct for users to stop taking the drug without consulting their doctor. In such cases, medication can be changed. Observations show that mild symptoms are more common in those who take supplements orally, that is, as pills or tablets. This situation may also vary from body to body. However, your doctor may switch to a single-use ampoule or progestant injection supplement that can be used orally instead of pills. In this way, the side effects of progesterone can be alleviated or even completely eliminated. Your doctor will decide which is the most comfortable and correct way of use for you.