“Winter brings with it a number of health risks, from colds and flu to respiratory infections and hypothermia. Find out how to protect yourself and your family from these common winter illnesses. Learn about the symptoms, causes, and prevention strategies for common winter diseases, and get expert advice on how to stay healthy and avoid getting sick. Don’t let winter catch you unprepared, stay informed and take the necessary precautions.”
“Don’t let winter catch you off guard! Our comprehensive guide covers common winter diseases and how to prevent them. From the flu to the common cold, we have the information you need to stay healthy throughout the season. Trust us as your go-to source for all things winter disease prevention.”
The cold weather brings with it many diseases.
Prolonging the time spent in closed and crowded environments leads to the spread of infections.
It is of great importance to strengthen the immune system, which is weakened by seasonal changes, in order not to be caught unprepared for increasing diseases in winter.
In this article, we discuss the rising number of winter diseases and the precautions that should be taken.
Don’t Confuse a Cold with the Flu
Common cold in autumn and winter is often confused with flu infections.
The common cold is mostly manifested by a runny nose, sneezing, a mild sore throat and symptoms of weakness.
Most of the patients can overcome the common cold with the help of a few simple medications.
Influenza, on the other hand, occurs with symptoms of extreme weakness, fever, cough, back pain and can put the person in bed.
If appropriate treatment is applied within 48 hours after diagnosis, the disease can be overcome more easily.
Influenza During Pregnancy Affects Mother and Baby Health Negatively
Necessary precautions should be taken to avoid the flu during pregnancy. However, despite being careful, expectant mothers should take care to rest by taking plenty of fluids when faced with the flu problem.
In cases of fever and pain, drugs containing paracetamol can be used. Salt water or short-term nasal drops can be applied against nasal congestion.
The use of hot water vapor and mist remedies will relieve respiratory and nasal congestion. A doctor should be consulted about the use of herbal products and vitamin supplements.
Don’t Say Cough Will Pass
Cough is one of the most common ailments in winter. The cough, which may start with a dry character, sometimes lasts up to 3 months.
It can be experienced as a result of the overreaction of the respiratory tract after the flu, as well as it can be seen in smokers, people with chronic lung diseases or patients with a weakened immune system.
The progression of the nursery cough, which is expressed as “wet cough”, causes serious consequences up to pneumonia. This type of cough; Pneumonia is suspected when symptoms such as high fever, chest pain that increases with breathing, vomiting and chills are added.
In healthy people, pneumonia often develops with viruses or bacteria that reach the lungs after an immune-suppressing illness such as colds and flu.
Bronchitis Threatens Children
Bronchitis, which is caused by inflammation of the airways, threatens especially children in this season. It usually starts with an upper respiratory tract disease and turns into chronic bronchitis if left untreated.
The cough caused by bronchitis is intense and severe. Frequent coughing of the patient causes digging in the chest area and muscle pains in the abdomen after a while.
In cases where the cough persists for 15-20 days and symptoms such as high fever and shortness of breath are observed, a specialist doctor should be consulted. In addition, tonsillitis is common in winter, especially in children.
The most important point to know here is that antibiotic use is necessary in only 20 percent of infections.
Cold Weather Also Affects The Digestive System
Being in the cold accelerates bowel movements. As a result of not being able to digest properly; bloating, pain, defecation irregularities occur in the abdomen.
Especially in women, as the cold exposure of the urinary tract reduces the defense power of these regions, an increase in diseases is observed.
Complaints such as frequent urination, burning during urination, change in urine color and smell are signs of inflammation of the urinary bladder.
These diseases, which can be easily treated on the outpatient basis, can cause more serious problems if they are not intervened in a timely manner.
Heart and Blood Pressure Patients are at Risk
During the cold winter months, the heart pumps more blood to the circulatory system to meet its increased energy needs.
This increases the oxygen demand of the heart. In this process, heart patients cannot adequately meet the increasing oxygen demand. This situation triggers heart attacks and heart failures.
Excessive blood pumping of the heart, increased blood levels of stress hormones; In very cold weather, it also causes blood pressure to rise and blood pressure to decrease with medications.
Since the flow of blood decreases in cold, there is an increase in stroke cases due to blood pressure and vascular occlusion.
Adjust Your Diabetes Medications for Winter
In addition to heart and blood pressure patients, diabetes patients should also take additional precautions during the winter months. Insulin needs may change during the colder months.
Since the blood sugar balance can be disturbed, patients should adjust the doses of their medications in consultation with the doctor.
As the body’s need for oxygen increases in the cold, the body inhales and exhales more frequently. This leads to increased shortness of breath in COPD patients, who already have trouble breathing.
You might be interested in reading our “Allergy in Babies” article.
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Do you have any advice for avoiding winter illnesses? What advice would you give to other mothers to prevent winter diseases? We look forward to hearing from you and if you like this article please share with others.