Explore the use of a spiral as a method of birth control. Also known as an intrauterine device (IUD), a spiral is a small, T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are several different types of IUDs available, each with its own unique features and benefits. Learn about how IUDs work, their effectiveness, and potential side effects in our guide to birth control with a spiral.
Unwanted pregnancy is one of the biggest problems that will happen to you while living your sexual life freely. Different methods of contraception have been used to prevent unwanted pregnancies. When we examine the methods of protection, we see that the methods applied to women are more extensive.
The spiral contraceptive method is one of the most preferred methods applied to women. Therefore, it is important to obtain detailed information on the subject.
What is Birth Control?
Birth control is the use of some methods to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Sex is a need. Considering the possibility of getting pregnant after every sexual intercourse, this situation is certain to have serious consequences.
Therefore, protection is essential for a comfortable sexual life. When determining the method of protection, you should choose the method you feel most comfortable with. While thinking about comfort, of course, you need to find the right one for your body.
Why Do Women Use Spiral?
Birth control pills and spirals are the most preferred methods for women. It is preferred in terms of ease of access to birth control pills. It is easily accessible by women, as it can be obtained from the pharmacy without a prescription without going to the doctor.
But the use of these pills requires a serious commitment. You need to take the pill at the same time each day. For this reason , most women do not use pills just because “I ca n’t forget the time and day and take medicine on time“. In such a case, the spiral is most preferred.
The spiral is applied during the obstetrics examination, and when applied, it provides protection to the woman for 5 years. Once you have it installed, you do not need to do anything else, it is a very comfortable method to use.
What is Spiral?
It is a device, whose real name is IUD (intrauterine device), is known as a spiral among the people, and is used by placing it into the uterus. It is similar in shape to the letter T. Sperm reach the uterus, but fertilization does not occur thanks to this tool.
Contraception with a spiral prevents the maturation of the conditions for fertilization in the womb. Even if the sperm reaches the uterus and fertilizes the egg, this tool prevents pregnancy by disrupting the conditions.
How is the Spiral Attached?
After taking a look at what the method is, the other topic that women wonder about is “How to attach the spiral?” Let’s take a look at the answer to the question.
The first thing you should do after deciding on this form of contraception is to confirm that you are not pregnant. For this, you can get help from pregnancy tests sold in pharmacies. But of course, the blood test will give the healthiest result.
After it is confirmed that you are not pregnant, you should make sure that you do not have a vaginal infection. This will be evident in the gynecological examination. The spiral is generally worn during menstrual periods. The most important reason for wearing during menstrual periods is that the cervix is more open.
A specialist gynecologist checks with an ultrasound device whether the instrument placed in the uterus is placed correctly. You can use your device for 5 years without any problems after it is checked again by your specialist 1 month after it is installed.
How Does the Spiral Protect?
If you are wondering how the spiral, which is one of the most frequently used methods of protection, protects, the first thing we should say is that it does not prevent ovulation. It does not prevent the sperm from going to the egg.
Sperm reach the egg, but it prevents the conditions necessary for fertilization to occur there. When installed correctly, the protection rate is 97–99%. Protection is provided from the moment it is installed.
Spirals: There are 3 types: copper, hormone, and beaded.
It is useful to examine each option in detail to find out which birth control method is most suitable for you.
We mentioned earlier that the vehicle to be placed in the uterus resembles the capital letter T. It got this name because it is copper-wrapped on the bar in the middle of this T letter, which is copper. Copper ions affect the sperm and prevent the fertilization of the egg. Things to know about the copper spiral:
- If you are sensitive to copper, you should not use it.
- When applied correctly, the lifespan is about 10 years.
- If you are a breastfeeding woman, you can choose it as it will provide instant protection.
- If you don’t want to use drugs, you can.
- It would be more appropriate to use it by women with regular menstrual cycles and normal menstrual bleeding. Because copper tools can lead to an increase in the amount of menstrual bleeding.
- You should definitely go to a doctor’s control 1 month after the application to make sure that the vehicle does not slip.
- Since it looks like a T shape, its arms can cause pain in the uterus.
- It can cause breakthrough bleeding and cramps. These symptoms should go away after 3 months. If you experience the opposite situation, you should contact your doctor.
- When you experience a major change in the pattern and amount of menstrual bleeding, you should immediately share this with your doctor.
These varieties contain the hormone progesterone. This hormone is released into the uterus in a certain amount, preventing pregnancy. In other words, the amount of ovulation decreases with the hormone progesterone released into the uterus, the condensation of the mucus secretion in the cervix decreases and the sperm is trapped and prevented from reaching the uterus. Things to know about hormonal spirals are as follows.
- Those who do not want to take hormones should not choose.
- The most important feature you need to know is that the hormone progesterone only releases a small amount into the uterus. It does not mix with the blood like the birth control pill.
- It can be a good choice for women with heavy menstrual bleeding. Because the hormonal spiral has the effect of reducing the amount of menstrual bleeding.
- It has a protection period of up to 5 years.
- It can cause pain and tenderness in the groin.
- It may cause a cut off. But you should not forget that you will continue to have menstruation in the old order after you remove it.
It is the latest type of IUD. Its distinctive feature is that it releases copper ions into the uterus. Copper ions cause a weakening in the movement of the sperm before they reach the uterus, thus preventing the fertilization of the egg cell. In other riae, the sperm can reach the egg, but this has an effect before it reaches the egg.
Things to know about the beaded intrauterine devices:
- The case that hormonal spirals cause menstrual interruption after a while is not in question in beaded ones.
- They do not make any changes in the menstrual pattern and the amount of bleeding.
- It has a flat shape, not a T-shaped one like the others. Since they do not have arms, they do not cause pain in the groin.
- Women who do not want to use hormones may prefer.
- While others have a slight risk of slipping, this device does not carry a risk of slipping as it is hung on the uterine dome.
- It protects for 5 years.
- It has the highest protection rate among other spirals with a rate of 99.5%-99.9%.
Spiral birth control is a method that can be preferred because of its advantages such as providing continuous protection once applied and allowing immediate pregnancy when removed. For those who are uncomfortable with the fact that contraceptive methods such as birth control pills and birth control injections contain hormones, the spiral birth control method may be a suitable option.
Of course, the most appropriate method for you will be revealed as a result of the gynecological examination. It would be appropriate for you to be examined by a specialist before making such a decision and to act in accordance with the information he or she will provide.
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